Hideichi Tamegaya began introducing computer graphics (CG) technology in broadcasting program production in 1981. He has developed CG systems through many advanced program production. He designed a new production methodology concept, “Electronic Palette”, to integrate HDTV and digital technologies for the movie production. The concept has been presented to Hollywood and other motion picture industries. Joining Media International Corporation (MICO) in 1991, he has been providing technical consultation and support on domestic and international HDTV, CG and Digital Media Technologies to NHK and other production teams filming HD programs. He made it possible to mount a HDTV camera on a space shuttle for the first time in the world in 1998. He has served on various research committees and councils of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, and he is currently working for promotion and development of the digital content industry. Tamegaya is a member of the following associations: the Association for Computing Machinery’ Special Interest Group on Computer Graphics (ACM-SIGGRARH), the Japan Society of Image Arts and Sciences, the Motion Picture and Television Engineering Society of Japan, the Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and the Japan Virtual Reality Society
Television should be enjoyed by everyone. Television programs should convey information for everyone’s safety with little or no barriers. In former television systems technical difficulties prevented universal services for the visually or hearing impaired, such as closed captioning, sign language translation and narrated comments, from being implemented, but the evolution of digital technology made these services possible with Terrestrial Digital Television, in addition to a better quality of image and sound. In my lecture, I will discuss the universal design and media accessibility in terrestrial digital broadcasting services from the viewpoint of convergence of art and technology.
Dr. Kazumasa Enami graduated from Tokyo Institute of Technology, and joined NHK in 1971. From 1974, he worked for NHK Science and Technical Research Laboratories. He has been engaged in research on video signal processing, parallel computing and content production technology. He was appointed Director-General of NHK Science and Technical Research Laboratories in 2004 and promoted Super Hi-vision, 8K UDTV, and other NHK research activities. In 2006, he moved to National Institute of Information and Communications Technologies (NICT). As Executive Director of the Universal Media Research Center at NICT, he was conducting his research projects on ultra-realistic communication system including 3D-TV, super surround sound and five sense transmission technologies. He was also Director-General of Keihanna Research Laboratories of NICT located in Kyoto until 2010. Currently, he is Vice-President of NICT. He was Vice-President of the Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers (ITE) and is now Vice-President of Virtual Reality Society of Japan. He has a Doctor of Engineering and is currently an IEEE Fellow as well as Chairman of the Planning and Promotion Committee of the Ultra-Realistic Communications Forum.
Ultra-realistic communications are future means of communicating that provide users with a highly realistic presence. The technologies to achieve these communications are varied and include ultra-high definition/three-dimensional images, reproduction of highly realistic surround sound, and multisensory communication that includes touch and smell. National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT) is researching ultra-realistic communication technologies that provide natural and real information to everybody. Main research subjects are holographic 3D video, super multi-view 3D video without special glasses on and super surround audio systems. In addition, the requirements for ultra-realistic systems based on underlying principles of human information processing are being investigated. Ultra-realistic communication systems have quite huge amount of data. For example, the data rate of Super Hi-vision is 72Gbps, super multi-view 3D video is more than 200Gbps and electronic holography video is more than several hundred Tbps. Then, efficient video coding algorithms are required for the ultra-realistic communications.
Kenichi Murayama received the B.E. and the M.E. in mechanical engineering from the Niigata University, Japan. He joined NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation) in 2002. From 2002 to 2008, he has worked at the NHK Engineering Administration Department/Transmission & Audience Reception Engineering Center. From 2008, he has been working at the Science and Technology Research Laboratories and has been engaged in research and development related to digital terrestrial broadcasting. He is also a member of ITE.
NHK is researching and developing Super Hi-vision for a next-generation ultra-high-definition broadcasting system. We are studying, in particular, large-capacity transmission technologies for providing large-volume content services to homes in next-generation digital terrestrial broadcasting. As part of this study, we have developed a key large capacity transmission technology for the next-generation broadcasting system, and conducted successful field tests transmitting 79 Mbps on a single, 6-MHz channel. This system makes use of ultra-multilevel OFDM and dual-polarized MIMO technologies. The ultra-multilevel OFDM technology increases transmission capacity by extending the carrier modulation scheme to 4096QAM. The dual-polarized MIMO technology utilizes pilot signals for polarization de-multiplexing, making it possible to transmit both a horizontal and vertical signal simultaneously. In this lecture, we outline these ultra-multilevel OFDM and dual-polarized MIMO technologies and present our most recent experimental results using a prototype modulator/demodulator with ultra-multilevel OFDM and dual-polarized MIMO technologies.
Koji Suginuma received his M. E. degree in 1987 from the University of Electro-communications in Tokyo, Japan and his Ph. D. degree in Electrical and Computer Engineering in 1998, from the University of California at Irvine, California, United States. He joined Sony Corporation in 1998 as a researcher for computer architecture. He conducted research and developments on satellite communications, home server systems and ubiquitous computing equipment. He holds 13 patents in the US and Japan. He is in the computer graphics research and business since 1977. He is considered an eyewitness of the dawn of computer graphics industry in Japan. His research interests are computer architecture for high performance computing, indoor positioning for ubiquitous computing and wearable computing. Currently he is a lecturer of the College of Industrial Technology at Nihon University. He holds editorial writer position at the Eizo Shimbun (The Visual Communication Journal). Dr. Suginuma is a member of ACM, IEEE, SID, SMPTE and ITE.
This paper analyses the use of 4K systems in the consumer field. HDTV is at the center of TV broadcasting in the 21st Century and is no longer a luxury, it is our commodity. Once one has seen HDTV, one cannot return to SDTV. HDTV has such a fascinating character. Although the next generation broadcasting technology is under development at an extreme high pace, it will take a long time before the standard is finalized and the system implemented. Meanwhile, 4K resolution cameras are proliferating in the Digital Cinema world. Manufactures are now focusing on 4K usages in home environment. 4K displays may especially change the way we interact with information. It will take some time to start 4K TV broadcasting through airwaves because of standard issues. However, it is already possible to deliver 4K contents with the help of wired services and other methods. 4K may be used for non-airwave applications. This paper describes the current status of 4K technologies and foresees new coming applications.
Shigeyuki Sakazawa received the B.E., M.E. and Ph.D degrees from Kobe University, Japan, all in electrical engineering, in 1990, 1992 and 2005, respectively. He joined Kokusai Denshin Denwa (KDD) Co. Ltd. in 1992, since then, he has been with its R&D Division, and now he is a senior manager of Media Solutions Laboratory in KDDI R&D Laboratories Inc., Saitama, Japan. His current research interests include video coding, video communication system, image recognition and CG video generation. He is also a Rapporteur of ITU-T SG9, and he has engaged in the international standardization for advanced video services.
In this talk, Dr. Sakazawa presents the state-of-the-art technologies regarding video compression, quality assessment and new video applications. Video compression has been a key technology for broadcasting, package media and multimedia streaming. The technology is still evolving to achieve higher compression ratio, since a future video media such as Super Hi-vision and multiview videos have quite huge volume data and require highly efficient compression. On the other hand, video compression causes picture quality degradation and it shall be evaluated in order to maintain the quality of services. In the talk, automatic evaluation technology to analyze the human perceptual quality is demonstrated. Finally, a new video application, Free Viewpoint Video, is introduced. Free Viewpoint Video enables audiences to choose any viewpoint in the scene. One of the most exciting viewpoint is on the soccer ground during the match!
Altamiro Amadeu Susin, Electrical Engineer, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Brazil, 1972; Msc Informatics, UFRGS, 1977; doctor engineer Microelectronics, Polytechnic National Institute of Grenoble, France, 1981; post doctor, McGill University, Montreal, Canada, 1998. Computer programmer in 1968 and system annalist for data processing until 1973. Professor at Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos from 1973 until 1975). Full professor at the Electrical Engineering Department of UFRGS since 1975 until present as. Co-founder of two university data processing centers and of three graduate programs: Industrial Informatics at Universidade Federal do Paraná, Electrical Engineering at Engineering School of UFRGS and Microelectronics as a multidisciplinary program at UFRGS. Founder of Microelectronics Group at UFRGS (1981). Co-founder of Sociedade Brasileira de Microeletrônica (SBMicro) and ex-vice-president and ex-president of the society. He has more than a hundred scientific publications and is presently director of thesis (seven PhD concluded) and master programs. He is also coordinator of several research projects, and presently coordinates a network that develops software and hardware systems for audio and video codecs for the SBTVD.
This lecture will present the H.264 Network, funded by FINEP, a public research financing agency. The H.264 Network connects twelve groups from several public universities to develop codecs for video and audio, the set top box (STB) architecture and an MEPG2-H.264 transcoder. The H.264/AVC video encoder is being developed in three different architectures, one of which uses reconfigurable hardware to code video in real time. Also there are works on scalable video coding, stereo video coding and Joint Multiview Video Model and research on enhancement for the H.264 standard. The AAC audio codec was developed using DSP processor and the decoder is being connected to the STB. The H.264 decoder was developed and is running in FPGA and decodes video streams in real time but some features are not yet integrated. The video decoder worked connected to STB. That way we believe that the goal of the project was attained. We could gradually integrate the modules on a single system to have a System-on-Chip for the STB.
Celso Kurashima received his Ph.D. degree in Electrical Engineering from the Universidade de São Paulo (USP), in 2005. Currently, he is Assistant Professor at the Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC), Brazil. He has experience in areas related to Electrical Engineering, Telecommunications, Graphics, and Computer Vision. He was with NEC Brazil as development engineer for over ten years. He was a Research Student at the Tokyo Institute of Technology (Titech), Tokyo, Japan, in 1990-1992. During his doctoral studies, he was Visiting Scholar at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA, in 2001-2002. His research interests include immersive visual communications, interactive 3D video technology and multimedia signal processing.
The digitalization of the terrestrial television broadcasting systems replaces the analog video signal with a high-definition digital video signal. This is also known as HDTV – High-Definition Television, and its visual perception is way better compared to the standard definition TV. On the other side, 3D video technology is already in the market within television sets and Blu-Ray Disc players with stereoscopic systems. The so called 3DTV technology has been highly motivated by the success of 3D movies in the theaters for bringing new visual experiences to the viewers. This presentation shows current technical efforts to freely bring 3DTV signals to the homes by the terrestrial digital television system. Studies and standardization on 3DTV broadcasting has been mainly published by the DVB project.
Graça Bressan received her doctorate degree in Electrical Engineering from Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo in 1986. She is currently professor of the Departamento de Engenharia de Computação e Sistemas Digitais da EPUSP. She was professsor of the Instituto de Matemática e Estatística da USP, where she graduated and became a master. She was also software manager of scopus technology, where coordinated projects of operating systems, firmware for microcomputers and software Division Manager in the technological Center for Informatics, current CenPRA. She guided three doctoral dissertations and 13 master dissertations in the area of Electrical Engineering, Digital Systems concentration area. She received the Zagottis Decius Award and has participated in researches and projects financed by FAPESP, FINEP, CNPq and RNP, some of them as a coordinator. She works in Computer Engineering area, with emphasis on Distributed Systems, Computer Networks, Networked Multimedia and Electronic Learning. She has national and international papers at conferences, books and magazines related to the themes: distance education, internet, computer networks, network security, distributed systems, distributed computing environments, video on demand, video conferencing, Digital TV, IPTV, performance analysis, operational systems and e-commerce.
The increasing number of TV channels available to users, as well as the interactive services provided, resulting from the emergence of the Interactive Digital TV as well as the mobile TV, increases the difficulty of selecting relevant content to each user. In this scenario, the personalization and recommendation of the programs and services offered to the user can be done using different sources of information, one of then being the user profile that can be statically configured by the user, as well as the user profile inferred by the behavior of the user interacting with the system. Another source of information is the context in which the user is interacting with the TV equipment, including the characteristics of the equipment. This paper presents the developed works on personalization of EPG (Eletronic Program Guide) using the user profile informed and inferred, the context the user is interacting as well as collaborative information of other user that previously has viewed the programs. For the classification of all this sources of information the concepts of context-aware systems and machine learning methods were used.
Liliana Nakonechnyj is SET (Television Engineers' Society) president and the TV Globo Transmissions Engineering and Affiliate Supporting Director. She participates in the Brazilian Digital Television Forum. She has graduate in Telecommunications Engineering in PUC-RJ, worked on the analog television internalization in Brazil and in the development and implantation of new transmission technologies. She is engaged with studies of Digital Television Introduction in Brazil since 1994 and currently is engaged with its implantation. She is part of the FOBTV organizing committee.
In this Lecture, Dr. Liliana will present the Future of Broadcast Television (FOBTV) initiative. FOBTV aims to foster global collaboration that may lead to the development of common strategies for the future of terrestrial broadcasting and to exchange technical knowledge in the converging areas of terrestrial broadcasting, consumer electronics and networking technologies. The first summit was held on China on November 2011, and the results of this meetings will be discussed in this lecture.
Lisandro Zambenedetti Granville has graduation, master and doctorate in Computer Science from Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, obtained in 1995, 1997 and 2001, respectively. He is currently an adjunct professor at Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Professor Granville has experience in the field of Computer Science, with emphasis on Management of Networks Services and Applications, mainly on the following themes: videoconferencing, Policy-based Network Management, Information Technology Service Management, SNMP, Visual Collaboration and H.323.
In this talk, Brazilian projects on Digital TV, developed in the context of the Centro de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento em Tecnologias Digitais para Informação e Comunicação (CTIC), will be reported. Both finished and ongoing project will be presented. In the case of finished projects, the achieved results will be described; in the case of ongoing projects, the current observed preliminary results will be discussed. The goal of this talk is to show to the audience how CTIC projects have been assisted and, mainly, emphasize the Brazilian competences in the field, aiming at possible opportunities for international collaborations in the area of Digital TV.
Luis Geraldo Meloni is assistant professor at Faculdade de Engenharia Elétrica e de Computação na Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP, Brazil. He has a doctorate in Electrical Engineering in Automation from the Université de Nancy I (1985), France, and a master (1982) and graduate (1980) in Electrical Engineering, both from the Universidade Estadual de Campinas. He has extensive experience in academic and Telecommunications industry, serving as coordinator of the Working Group of the Interactive Channel with Fórum do Sistema Brasileiro de Televisão Digital. He has worked in Digital Signal Processing since 1982 and participated in several projects using digital signal processors and FPGA in academia and private companies. He taught at the Universidade de Brasília (1990-1993) and currently at the Universidade Estadual de Campinas, where he has worked in some research topics in the Laboratório de Processamento Digital de Sinais: new technologies for wireless communications, middleware technologies and digital TV return channel, audio coding, speech and voice over IP, speech recognition and software development for teaching and learning through the Internet. It has several publications in international journals and symposia and serves as an instructor in continuing education programs for professionals in telecommunications.
This talk presents forecasting for advanced scenarios on digital broadcasting focusing on advances in transmission technologies as well as encoder techniques. It is expected for the end of the current decade the capability to transmit up to ten HDTV channels in one 6 MHz bandwidth channel. This opens the possibility to multiple channels programming, as well as 4k high quality video encoding. Other expected scenarios such as the possibility for eyewear-free 3D DTV, high-bandwidth Internet connected DTV, high processing powered mobile devices, and the convergence of these technologies are discussed
He graduated in Electrical Engineering - Electronic, at Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro. He obtained his M.Sc. in Electrical Engineering from the same university, as well as a doctorate in computer science. The post-doctorate in computer science was obtained by the Ecole Nationale Superieure des Télécommunications - Paris. He is a full professor in the Departamento de Informática da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio). He was president of the computing area at CAPES, from 1991 to 1995, the member of the Conselho de Assessores de Ciência da Computação (AC-DC) from CNPq, vice-president of the Sociedade Brasileira de Computação (SBC) and vice-president of the Laboratório Nacional de Redes de Computadores (LARC). He served as associated professor at University of Blaise Pascal (Clermont-Ferrand France) in 2001; he also was a visiting researcher at IBM, in Centro Científico Rio, from 1987 to 1989; and engineer and designer of the Computadores Brasileiros - COBRA / SA, from 1978 to 1979. He was a representative of the scientific community in the Conselho do Grupo Gestor da Internet in Brazil and member of its board of directors. He was responsible for the development of middleware Ginga-NCL of the Brazilian Digital TV and for the development of ITU-T IPTV services recommendations. He is the current representative of the academy in the Módulo Técnico da Câmara Executiva do Fórum de TV Digital Brasileiro, as well as of its advisory board. He is the co-editor of the WG 16 in H.761 ITU-T and the coordinator of the Middleware Technical Group in the Brazilian DTV Forum. His research interests are: Multimedia and Hypermedia Systems, Computer Networks and Digital TV, in which it has several books and articles published in Brazil and abroad.
The Ginga architecture for terrestrial TV IPTV services and broadband TV will be presented. The new features offered by the next version of NCL, NCL 4.0, will be introduced, including: better to support to context aware applications, to multiple exhibition device, to multimodal input devices and to 3D applications. Research and developments in new authoring tools, in especial those for authoring templates will also be presented. Interoperability between Ginga and other middleware systems, in particular BML and LIME, percolates all topics to be present.
Electrical Engineer from the Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo (1989), master in Electrical Engineering (1993), PhD of Electrical Engineering (1997) and became professor in the field of Interactive Electronic Media at Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo (2001). Is Tenure Professor (2006) at the Departamento de Engenharia de Sistemas Eletrônicos da Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo. He has worked with the Laboratório de Sistemas Integráveis (LSI) coordinating researches and developments in the field of Interactive Electronic Media, focusing on the following topics: Engineering Interactive Methods, Digital Health, High Performance Computing, Virtual Reality, Computer Graphics and Visualization. In 2001, he developed the first fully immersive virtual reality system in Brazil, called CAVERNA Digital. He is coordinator of the Rede de Telemedicina Onconet and acted as international coordinator of the ACM-SIGGRAPH, in 2000. He is also the scientific coordinator of the LEA (Laboratório de Ensaios e Auditoria) of ICP Brazil. Has actively participated in defining the Sistema Brasileiro de TV Digital - SBTVD. He was awarded with the Prêmio Personalidade em Inovação Tecnológica by the Sindicato de Engenheiros do Estado de São Paulo, in 2006. And he also was awarded with the Medalha Mérito Tamandaré by the Brazilian Navy, in 2008, and the Medalha da Vítória by the Ministry of Defence, in 2009. He acted as head coordinator of the ACM Web3D 2010 and is part of the Fórum do Sistema Brasileiro de Televisão Digital since 2007, as part of the Advisory Board and the Technical Module, coordinating the Safety Standards for Digital TV.
Everyday, the digital television system becomes more immersive and virtual reality technologies more accessible. In his lecture, professor Marcelo Zuffo will present a historical overview on the development of television systems, as well as virtual reality systems and present their points of convergence. Some technological innovations and scientific contributions will also be related. He will discuss the technological perspectives and the application of technologies for accelerated development in the ICT (Information and communication Technology) field. Finally he will cover topics that may be the subjects of joint research between countries that adopted the ISDB as a technological platform.
Graduated in Electrical Engineering at Federal Universty of Minas Gerais (1990), Master (1997) and doctorate (2005) in Electrical Engineering (Electronic Systems), at University of Sao Paulo. Postdoctoral fellow at Linköpings Universitet (Sweden, 2009) and the University of Sheffield (England, 2010). Professor in the Department of Music at USP (FFCLRP-USP), Ribeirão Preto campus. Research Associate at the Laboratory of Integrated Systems of the Polytechnic School of USP (LSI-EPUSP) where he coordinates the Center for Audio Engineering and Audio Coding (NEAC). He has experience in Electronic Engineering, with emphasis on Signal Processing, working mainly in Audio Engineering, Computer Music, Audio Coding, Spatial Audio, Interactive Systems and digital TV. Participates in the Forum of the Brazilian Digital TV (SBTVD) Technical Module. He is a board member of AES (Audio Engineering Society) and a member of Computer Music Special Commission of the Brazilian Computer Society(SBC-CECMA).
Associated professor of the Departamento de Engenharia de Sistemas Eletrônicos da Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo (EPUSP). She has graduation, master, doctorate and became full professor in Electrical Engineering from EP-USP. She was vice-director (2006-2008) and director (2008-2010) of the Estação Ciência, Centro de Difusão Científica, Tecnológica e Cultural da Pró-Reitoria de Cultura e Extensão Universitária da USP. She is also a researcher at the do Laboratório de Sistemas Integráveis da EPUSP since 1988, on which is leading the Grupo de Pesquisa em Meios Eletrônicos Interativos (which includes computer graphics, digital image processing, techniques and devices for human-computer interaction, virtual reality and augmented reality). She coordinates research projects in the area of Interactive Electronic Media, with emphasis on applications related to education and health, and for scientific projects aimed at identifying and developing talents in Science and Engineering, as FEBRACE (Feira Brasileira de Ciências e Engenharia) on which she is general coordinator since 2003 and responsible for its design and feasibility. She is also the current coordinator of the academic program "A USP e as Profissões" from Pró-Reitoria de Cultura e Extensão Universitária da USP. She is part of the working group of technical support and educational program of the OLPC (One Laptop per Children), sponsored by the MEC. She is a member of the board of the Museu de Ciências da USP and alternate member of the Conselho do Museu Exploratório de Ciências da Unicamp.
This lecture will be presented an overview about the use of computerized systems for education. Television will be explored as an opportunity for education, discussing the applicability of open TV technologies, connected TV, interactivity and specific TV channels (cable or IP). Other initiatives, such as school TV and OLPC (One Laptop per Children) will be discussed in this talk.
Has a mbchelor degree in Electrical Engineering from Unicamp (Universidade Estadual de Campinas - 1972), master in Electrical Engineering from Unicamp (1974) and PhD in Electrical Engineering from Unicamp (1986) too. He's currently associated professor at Decom/Feec/Unicamp (Departamento de Comunicações da Faculdade de Engenharia Elétrica e de Computação da Unicamp). He has experience in Electrical Engineering with emphasis on Telecommunications and Electronics, working mainly in the field of audiovisual communications. The main themes of interest are: processing of digital signal/image/video/audio, HDTV, Digital TV, networks, middleware, television broadcast/channels, pattern recognition and digital encoding of signals.
Passed the implementation phase of the first Digital TV generation, new systems are being proposed and tested, aiming a better spectral frequency usage and a wider range of services between other benefits. To do that, advanced channel encoding techniques and a higher systems flexibility parameter configuration have being proposed. It discusses the gain of the new systems in relation to the first generation and how the standards migration is been planned.